Pickling Persistent ObjectsΒΆ

Persistent objects are designed to make the standard Python pickling machinery happy:

>>> import pickle
>>> from persistent.tests.cucumbers import Simple
>>> from persistent.tests.cucumbers import print_dict

>>> x = Simple('x', aaa=1, bbb='foo')

>>> print_dict(x.__getstate__())
{'__name__': 'x', 'aaa': 1, 'bbb': 'foo'}

>>> f, (c,), state = x.__reduce__()
>>> f.__name__
'__newobj__'
>>> f.__module__
'copy_reg'
>>> c.__name__
'Simple'

>>> print_dict(state)
{'__name__': 'x', 'aaa': 1, 'bbb': 'foo'}

>>> import pickle
>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x)) == x
True
>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x, 0)) == x
True
>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x, 1)) == x
True

>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x, 2)) == x
True

>>> x.__setstate__({'z': 1})
>>> x.__dict__
{'z': 1}

This support even works well for derived classes which customize pickling by overriding __getnewargs__(), __getstate__() and __setstate__().

>>> from persistent.tests.cucumbers import Custom

>>> x = Custom('x', 'y')
>>> x.__getnewargs__()
('x', 'y')
>>> x.a = 99

>>> (f, (c, ax, ay), a) = x.__reduce__()
>>> f.__name__
'__newobj__'
>>> f.__module__
'copy_reg'
>>> c.__name__
'Custom'
>>> ax, ay, a
('x', 'y', 99)

>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x)) == x
True
>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x, 0)) == x
True
>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x, 1)) == x
True
>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x, 2)) == x
True

The support works for derived classes which define __slots__. It ignores any slots which map onto the “persistent” namespace (prefixed with _p_) or the “volatile” namespace (prefixed with _v_):

>>> import copy_reg
>>> from persistent.tests.cucumbers import SubSlotted
>>> x = SubSlotted('x', 'y', 'z')

Note that we haven’t yet assiged a value to the s4 attribute:

>>> d, s = x.__getstate__()
>>> d
>>> print_dict(s)
{'s1': 'x', 's2': 'y', 's3': 'z'}

>>> import pickle
>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x)) == x
True
>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x, 0)) == x
True
>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x, 1)) == x
True
>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x, 2)) == x
True

After assigning it:

>>> x.s4 = 'spam'

>>> d, s = x.__getstate__()
>>> d
>>> print_dict(s)
{'s1': 'x', 's2': 'y', 's3': 'z', 's4': 'spam'}

>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x)) == x
True
>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x, 0)) == x
True
>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x, 1)) == x
True
>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x, 2)) == x
True

persistent.Persistent supports derived classes which have base classes defining __slots, but which do not define attr:__slots__ themselves:

>>> from persistent.tests.cucumbers import SubSubSlotted
>>> x = SubSubSlotted('x', 'y', 'z')

>>> d, s = x.__getstate__()
>>> print_dict(d)
{}
>>> print_dict(s)
{'s1': 'x', 's2': 'y', 's3': 'z'}

>>> import pickle
>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x)) == x
True
>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x, 0)) == x
True
>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x, 1)) == x
True
>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x, 2)) == x
True

>>> x.s4 = 'spam'
>>> x.foo = 'bar'
>>> x.baz = 'bam'

>>> d, s = x.__getstate__()
>>> print_dict(d)
{'baz': 'bam', 'foo': 'bar'}
>>> print_dict(s)
{'s1': 'x', 's2': 'y', 's3': 'z', 's4': 'spam'}

>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x)) == x
True
>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x, 0)) == x
True
>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x, 1)) == x
True
>>> pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(x, 2)) == x
True